English to Ancient Language Dictionary

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English to Ancient Language Dictionary

English Ancient Language
a melencholy dream of great beauty, also the elves’ homeland alalëa
a, an
air, wind vindr
all (may be shortened to al when used as a prefix, as in albitr) allr
am eddyr
an, a
and un
apple hald
are eru
arm vaupna
armor hernskja
arrow oro
as nen
ask/beg, to cry bidja
awaken vakna
awry; wandering vrangr
back (n.) bak, hrygr
back adv. (you go back) aptr
bad illr, vandr
bad hunger, burrow grubs íllgrathr
badly illa
ball, round object böllr
banish aurboda
bat (n.); the ra’zac’s mounts (literally, “leather-flapper”) lethrblaka
be waíse
be drowned drukna
be silent theyna
bear artos, beor
beautiful nuanen
become verda
become pale blinkna
before, in front of framvír
beg/ask, to cry bidja
big king galbatorix
big galba
bind or hold in place; confine malthinae
bird native to vroengard island (literally “shadow-flapper”) sundavrblaka
birth burthr
bite bita
biter bitr
black svartr
blade blädrn
blanket, cloth nagz
blasted, withered nangoröth
blood blödh
blood-oath blödhren
blood-oath celebration (held once in a century to honor the original pact between elves and dragons) agaetí blödhren
bloodwolf blödhgarm
bond of trust yawë
bowl, drinking cup skal
branch kvïstr
break, hit jierda
bright bjartr
brightscales bjartskular
brightsteel bjartstál
bring together, unite gath
broad äenora, boetk
brother darmthrell
brow brun
brush scrub ethilnadras
burn eldrvarí
burrow grubs, bad hunger íllgrathr
but mar
cactus found near helgrind talos
calf of the leg kalfí
carry, report flutningr
casket, chest karst
catch kodthr
celebration agaetí
celebratory agaetra
change moi
chant, sing gala
chest, casket karst
city dras
clever, cunning sláegr
cloth, blanket nagz
come kausta
compress; thrust thringa
confine; to bind or hold in place malthinae
create malthinae
cripple togira
cripple who is whole, the togira ikonoka
crust hrúthr
cry (to beg/ask) bidja
cunning, clever sláegr
cut (v.) kverst
damp, mist, wet, moist akr, rakr
dart, spear daert
daughter dautr
day dag
day, hallowed dagshelgr
deadly poison, a skilna bragh
deaf daufr
death andlát, baní, dauthí, freohr
death friend (a poisonous mushroom) fricai andlát
death spear: name given to the lances the elves made for killing dragons dauthdaert
delay dvelja
desire threyja
die andask, deyja
dis-, the negative prefix u
disease, injury, harm mïnen
dispel, scatter vaetna
do ach
dominance domia
dominance of fate (book) domia abr wyrda
door hurdh
dragon (literally, “scale-flapper”) skulblaka
dragon rider shur’tugal
dragon-like creatures that live in the sea, related to the fanghur nïdhwal
dream draumr
drinking cup, bowl skal
dry (v.) thurra
dull, to dull something gëuloth
dumb dúmbr
dwarf dvergr
ear eyra
early ár
earth, soil deloi
elf älfa
elf friend vinr älfakyn
elves, the race of älfakyn
empty eyddr
enchantment, spell galdr
enemy fjandí
entrap taelda
eye auga
fabric made by cross-weaving wool and nettle threads (similar in construction to linsey woolsey, but of higher quality) lámarae
family; house breoal
fate wyrda
feather fethr
field vollr
fight (v.) verrunsmal
find finna
fire brisingr, istalrí
flameless lanterns both the elves and the dwarves use (named after the elf who invented them) erisdar
flapper blaka
floater flautr
float flautja
flowers fëon
fly (v.) flauga
follow tauthr
fools’ wisdom orothrim
for wiol
forest welden
forgetfulness vergathos
forsworn, the wyrdfell
forward fram
fragment of a word that eragon never finished saying mäe-
friend fricai, vinr
from fra
gate grind
gates of death, the helgrind
gift (n.) förn
go gánga
go; leave eitha
goat hafr
gold kuldr
good fortune esterní
grasp for oneself thrífask
grasp, seize thrífa
great king of warriors vercingetorix
green-leafed plant with purple flowers delois
greetings kvetha
grow eldhrimner
guard, ward vard
guardians, warders varden
hall hjall
hallowed day dagshelgr
halt; stop blöthr
gammer, stone crag hamarr
hand lam
happiness ilian
happy ilia
harden herdtha
harm haina, mïnen
harm, injury, disease mïnen
have, possess hávr
he (m. elf) älfr
heal, healed heill
healed, heal heill
hear, listen hórna
hearth hjarta
heart of hearts, the; the gem-like stone wherein the dragons can store their consciousness eldunarí
heat (v.) verma
height haedh
hide (v.) frethya
hit, break jierda
hold huildr
hole in ice vök
honor celöbra
honorific for a close male friend, suffix attached with a hyphen vor
honorific for a young man of great promise, suffix attached with a hyphen finiarel
honorific of great praise, gender-neutral suffix attached with a hyphen elda
honorific of middling praise for a man, suffix attached with a hyphen vodhr
honorific, formal, for a woman of great wisdom svit-kona
hound (n.) garm
house; family breoal
humble midhring
hunger grathr
i eka
ice svell
ice-hole vök
illuminator, light-bringer islingr
illusion dreyma
in unin
in-, the negative prefix u
in front of, before framvír
injury, harm, disease mïnen
intend algara
invoke ethgrí
is er
is lacking vanta
is whole ikonoka
it thäet
its vér
kill vergarí
killer vergandí
king könungr
king of killers orgetorix
knife knífr
know kenna
ladies ementyr
lasting, strong drjugr
leaf lauf
leaf’s -blade laufsblädr
leather lethr
leather-flapper; a bat; the ra’zac’s mounts lethrblaka
leave; go eitha
let atra
life líf
light-bringer, illuminator islingr
light garjzla
lightning kveykva
lily, blue, deep-throated that grows in the empire loivissa
lip balm, mixture of beeswax and hazelnut oil used to moisten the skin nalgask
liqueur, elven faelnirv
listen, hear hórna
little litil
live lífa
lock laesa
look sja
lord daéda
love ástar
luck guliä
mad orr
magic vanyalí
make bright naina
marked fódhr
master ebrithil
may
me edtha
mean mulabra
memory manin
metal malmr
mind hugr
misery zar’roc
misfortune rauthr
mist, wet, moist, damp akr, rakr
mists datia
mix blanda
mixture of beeswax and hazelnut oil used to moisten the skin nalgask
moist, wet, mist, damp akr, rakr
more frëma
morning star, the aiedail
mortal dauthleikr
mother menoa
mountain fell
mourning sage osthato chetowä
mourning osthato
move, movement sharjalví
movement, move sharjalví
my (formal) pömnuria
my (informal) iet
myself (only form) ietdar
name nam
names namar
night dwerva
night pine; the trees that grow in the beor mountains dwerva thindr
no
not néiat
nothingness, the void und
oak ekar
oath or word eïnradhin
oath ren
oats hafrí
of abr
on, onto äthr
onto, on äthr
open ládrin
orb, a round object böllr
orchid niernen
organization of elves dedicated to the preservation of their songs and poems äthalvard
over arúnd
pain verkr
palm gedwëy
pardon elthrimórno
passage, path gata
path, passage gata
peace mor’ranr
picture taken by magical means on a shingle of slate fairth
pinch, squeeze kremja
pine tree thindr
place (n.) ília
place of sorrow (baen—used here and in urû’baen, the capital of the empire—is always pronounced bane and is an expression of great sadness/grief) ristvak’baen
poem, song rune
poet skald
poetic kvaedhí
poetic script liduen kvaedhí
possess, have hávr
princess (roughly; it’s not an exact translation) dröttningu
project, stick out skaga
prominence or tor edur
promontory skagí
protect vardi
pulling drahtr
queen dröttning
quiet maela
ra’zac’s mounts; a bat (literally, “leather-flapper”) lethrblaka
race of people kynn
rain thringa
raise reisa
reduce brakka
release losna
remain, stay sitja
report, carry flutningr
rest stydja
rider and dragon where the dragon has suffered body death but continues to live on in their heart of hearts indlvarn
right (n.) raehta
rise rïsa
rock, stone stenr
round object, orb böllr
rune vald
rule over thelduin
ruler valdr
run hlaupa
sage, wise man chetowä
scale skul
scale-flapper, dragon skulblaka
scatter, dispel vaetna
scintillating delling
script, writing (n.) liduen
sea vaer
seaweed, brown, free-floating with gas-filled bladders along the joints of its branching stem vaer ethilnadras
see sjon
seize, grasp thrífa
serpent, wyrm orúm
shadow sundavr
shadow-flapper, bird native to vroengard island sundavrblaka
sharp hvass
she (f. elf) älfinn
sheath, shell skálpr
shell, sheath skálpr
shield skölir
sheilded sköliro
shine ignasia
shining palm gedwëy ignasia
shining, white bleikr
shirt skyrta
shut ones eyes blunda
sigh silbena
sight sven
silent hljödhr
silver arget
silver hand argetlam
sing, chant gala
sky lotha
sleep slytha
slow vëoht
smooth lunaea
snail snal
snails, giants that live on vroengard snalglí
soft from being cooked with liquid blautr
soil, earth deloi
son of justice rextugenos
song söngr
song, poem rune
sorrow harmr
sound sund
sound, sharp and cleaving, like that of cracking stone, but also can mean to make such a sound titlingr
speak thorta
spear, dart daert
spell, enhancement galdr
splendor ellesméra
spring (the season) vara
squeeze, pinch kremja
star evarína, stjarna
stare kópa
stay, remain sitja
steel stál
stick out, project skaga
stick keppr
stone crag, hammer hamarr
stone, rock stenr
stop letta
stop; halt blöthr
storm-cleaver vervada
strong ramr
strong, lasting drjugr
sun solus
swear otherúm
sword sverd
take possession of taka
taunt skuta
temper, tempering tuatha
tempering the fool’s wisdom (level in riders’ training) tuatha du orothrim
tempering, temper tuatha
than thön
thank elrun
that sem
the du
the banishing of the names du namar aurboda
the blasted mountains du fells nángoröth
the burning plains du völlar eldrvarya
the death of the shadows du sundavar freohr
the dragon war du fyrn skulblaka
the guarding forest du weldenvarden
“the sighing mists” (a poem song) “du silbena datia”
the wandering path du vrangr gata
their theirra
then thae
there thar
they therr
thicken thaefathan
thin, straight stick vöndr
this thornessa
thorn thin
thornapple haldthin
those thorna
thought hügin
throw thrautha
thrust; compress thringa
to put forth fortha
to eom
tor or prominence edur
traverse thverr
tree traevam
true ilumaro
truth ilumëo
un-, the negative prefix o and u
unconquerable edoc’sil
under undir
unite, bring together gath
up audr
upon vel
us nosu
vine, a type of lianí
void, nothingness und
walrus hröslvalhr
wandering; awry vrangr
war fyrn
ward, guard vard
warders, guardians varden
warp orpin
warped orpinn
was ero
watch over varda
water adurna
we vae
welcome astorí
were erní
wet, moist, mist, damp akr, rakr
whale hwal
what hvat
white hvitr
white, shining bleikr
will weohnata
wind, air vindr
wing vaengr
wise man, sage chetowä
wise svit
with medh, oth
withered, blasted nangoröth
without laust
woman kona
word or oath eïnradhin
would weohnataí
writing (n.), script liduen
wyrm, serpent orúm
you ono
your onr

Christopher Paolini

Christopher Paolini is the author of the international bestsellers Eragon, Eldest, Brisingr, and Inheritance, along with Eragon’s Guide to Alagaësia. He resides in Paradise Valley, Montana, USA.

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